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Post-Truth in 7 Debates

We bring you our guide to the end of expertise

Post Truth

“Facts just twist the truth around/facts are living turned inside out” – so sang David Byrne of Talking Heads in 1980’s hit "Crosseyed and Painless", but it’s a refrain that could just as easily apply to post-truth politics – a climate where, as Michael Gove famously declared, “we’ve had enough of experts”.

Key claims in the Brexit campaign (such as that EU membership cost Britain £350m a week) disappear without a trace once the referendum is won, and a US presidential campaign features spurious tweets claiming global warming was invented by the Chinese – where does this leave 21st century politics, and our place in it? Statistics have always been malleable, and “the truth” a fickle beast; but it seems that our relationship with it as a concept is fundamentally changing, and that comes with new sets of challenges.

To get a handle on a world unmoored from facts, look no further than these debates. Featuring the finest thinkers of the 21st century as they debate the expiration of experts, the validity of lies and tricks, the trouble with democracy, and much more, it’s the ultimate guidebook to the tumultuous age of post-truth.

 

1 - Expert Lies

We rely on experts in every field. Yet from economists to climate scientists they hold wildly disparate views. Might the very idea of objective knowledge be illusory and expertise be a form of institutional power? If we were more skeptical would it lead to democracy or bring chaos?

Mary Ann Sieghart asks former Chancellor Norman Lamont, Times columnist Matthew Parris, and former UN head of communications Edward Mortimer to examine the rise of experts.

 

2 - The People's Champion

We believe democracy leads to a fairer world. Yet almost all governments claim to be democratic including China, Russia and Syria. And 50 years after the abolition of hanging, UK polls still show a majority in favour. Is democracy illusory and troublingly incoherent? Or is an ideal democracy yet to be fully realised?

Author of The Establishment Owen Jones, ResPublica director and author of Radical Republic Phillip Blond, and former leader of the Conservative party Michael Howard examine the strange perils of democracy.

 

3 - Lies Lies Lies

Politicans are liars. Or so we are inclined to believe. But is the real problem that political truth is unattainable, and our expectations are impossible for politicians to deliver on? Should we stop thinking of our leaders as charlatans, or would this result in a naive and dangerous complacency?

Former Leader of the Conservative Party Michael Howard, President of PEN International, John Ralston Saul and former NPR London Correspondent and Bureau Chief Michael Goldfarb face up to the truth.

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4 - Killing the King

Ancient cultures often chose their leader and gave them unbridled power of life and death. But if the crops failed the leader was killed. Are voters still in thrall to the same fantasy believing each new leader will work miracles? Do we demand the impossible or are our leaders simply incompetent? 

Outspoken columnists Polly Toynbee and David Aaronovitch and journalist John Sweeney put our chiefs on trial. HARDtalk's Stephen Sackur hosts.

In association with Guardian Live.

 

5 - Machiavelli's Rules

By endorsing trickery and deceit, Machiavelli ensured his name would live on in infamy. Yet even Lincoln and Johnson used skulduggery to secure change. Might lies, bribes and other dirty tricks be necessary for creating meaningful advance? Or do the ends never justify the means?

Political adviser John McTernan, former Chancellor Norman Lamont, and Total Politics Editor Sam Macrory dispute the value of dirty tricks.

In association with Total Politics.

 

6 - After the End of Truth

A generation raised on Foucault and Derrida has learned to distrust claims to objective truth. Yet the mantra that 'there is no truth' is a paradox. Do we need a new conception of fantasy and reality to free us from the tyranny of truthmakers and the paradoxes of postmodernists alike?

American philosopher John Searle, post-postmodernist Hilary Lawson and Historian of Ideas at NCH Hannah Dawson untangle the truth.

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7 - Story Time

We want news to accurately reflect the real world.  But in an age when competing channels with different perspectives are instantly available should we recognise this goal as an illusion? Should we accept that journalists set the world's agenda with their own fictions and fantasies, or is there a framework of objectivity we should require and demand?

Editor of the Sunday Times Insight team Jonathan Calvert, founder of the Reuters Journalism Institute John Lloyd and philosopher and former editor of The World This Week Hilary Lawson examine truth in news.

In Association with Huffington Post UK

 

Want more on post-truth? Try these articles:

Matthew Parris' take on the end of experts

Edward Mortimer on the why we should all be sceptical

Emma Borg on why language is flawed

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